Iran 1988 Massacre

  • Phone: +44 203 286 2959
  • Mail: info@iran1988.org
  • Website: https://iran1988.org
  • Address: London, United Kingdom

At the end of July 1988, Khomeini issued a fatwa ordering the massacre of political prisoners. Death Commissions were formed in more than 70 cities.

The Death Commissions were comprised of a Sharia judge, Intelligence Ministry representatives and Prosecutor. Some of the Commissions also included substitute members, including the local or provincial prison chief. The religious judge and the prosecutor were appointed by the Supreme Judicial Council that was at the time headed by Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili.

The true number of perpetrators of the 1988 massacre may never be known; however, in 2016-2017, with the resurgence of a public movement demanding accountability and justice for the victims of the massacre, more information became available. Many families of victims who had remained silent in fear of persecution began providing their information. The political dispute among various factions of the regime also led to the revelation of new information.

JVMI has collected the relevant information regarding the perpetrators and has collated a list of 96 individuals who acted as members of the Death Commissions in 1988 or supervised their operations. At least 87 of those individuals were members of the Death Commissions. It is shocking that many of the perpetrators continue as of the summer of 2017 to hold key positions in various branches of the Iranian government.

The current Minister of Justice, Alireza Avaie, was a member of the Death Commission in Khuzestan. His two predecessors, who held office in the previous eight years, Mustafa Pour-Mohammadi and Morteza Bakhtiari, were also members of the Death Commissions. In addition, the Minister of Justice from 1989 until 2005 was Mohammad Esmail Shushtari who in 1988 headed the state Prisons Organisation and was an active member of the Death Commission in Tehran.

Seventeen other members of the Death Commissions are currently holding judicial offices including the post of Supreme Court judges. Two Members of Parliament, seven members of the Assembly of Experts and two members of the powerful State Expediency Discernment Council are also among the members of the 1988 Death Commissions. Additionally, Some of Iran’s largest financial and trade institutions are run and controlled by the perpetrators of the 1988 massacre. Iran’s current Supreme Leader, who was President in 1988, was directly involved in the massacre.

Use our interactive map to find further details and photographs of the members of the Death Commissions whose identities have been announced by the JVMI:

Ali Dadizad

Ali Dadizad

Position in 1988 massacre: Deputy Prosecutor; member of Tabriz “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Ethics teacher in Tabriz He was the Friday prayer leader in Jolfa for a while. He currently serves as professor of ethics in Tabriz.
Khalil Abedi

Khalil Abedi

Position during 1988 Massacre: Shari’a Judge in city of Tabriz; member of Tabriz “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Runs a law firm in Tabriz During the 1980s he was a Shari’a Judge in Tabriz.
Mirza Najaf Aghazadeh

Mirza Najaf Aghazadeh

Position during 1988 Massacre: Shari’a judge; head of the “Death Commission” of Eastern Azerbaijan Province Present post and occupation: Administrative secretary of Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi in Eastern Azerbaijan Mandated by Khomeini and Mousavi Ardabili, he was a provincial Shari’a […]
Javad Ali-Akbarian

Javad Ali-Akbarian

Position at the time of 1988 massacre: Deputy Minister of MOIS Present post and occupation: Deputy head of Shah Abdul-Azim Endowment In early days after the Revolution he was in charge of investigation in the revolutionary General Prosecutor and also […]
Seyyed Mohammad Hassan Marashi Shushtari

Seyyed Mohammad Hassan Marashi Shushtari

Position at the time of 1988 massacre: Member of NSJC Present post and occupation: Died in 2009 He was known to be one of the main founders of the Judiciary. In 1983 he joined the judiciary apparatus in Ahwaz, provincial […]

Mohammad Moghisseh (a.k.a. Nasserian)

Position at the time of 1988 massacre: Governor of Gohardasht (Rajai-Shahr) Prison; member of “Death Commission” in Tehran Present post and occupation: President of the 28th branch of the Revolutionary Court According to survivors of the 1988 mass executions, Moghisseh […]
Alireza Avaei

Alireza Avaei

Position in 1988 massacre: Prosecutor; member of the Dezful “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Minister of Justice (from September 2017); Head of the Presidency’s Inspectorate Office (until September 2017) A.K.A. Alireza Avaie, Alireza Avaee, Seyyed Ali-Reza Avaee, Seyyed Alireza […]
Khalil Torabpour

Khalil Torabpour

Position at the time of 1988 massacre: Head of Adel Abad Prison in Shiraz; member of Shiraz “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Unknown
Majid Torabpour

Majid Torabpour

Position at the time of 1988 massacre: Head of the state Prisons Organisation in Fars and Kohkiloye and Boyer Ahmad provinces (based in Shiraz); member of Shiraz “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Unknown
Eslami

Eslami

Position at the time of 1988 massacre: Shiraz Prosecutor; member of Shiraz “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Unknown Eslami, a cleric, was the prosecutor in the “Death Commission” during the 1988 mass executions in Adel Abad Prison in Shiraz. […]
Ramazani

Ramazani

Position at the time of 1988 massacre: Shari’a Judge of Shiraz; member of Shiraz “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Unknown Ramazani, a cleric, was the Shari’a Judge in the city of Shiraz. He was known as a notorious judge. […]
Saeidi Heydari

Saeidi Heydari

Position at the time of 1988 massacre: Sari Prosecutor; member of Sari “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Deceased
Brig. Gen. Ahmad Nourian

Brig. Gen. Ahmad Nourian

Position at the time of 1988 massacre: Head of Dizel-Abad Prison in Kermanshah; member of Kermanshah Province “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Coordinator of the Tharallah Garrison in Tehran (one of the main garrisons responsible for the protection of […]
Abdolreza Mesri

Abdolreza Mesri

Position at the time of 1988 massacre: Prosecutor of Kermanshah; member of Kermanshah “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Member of Parliament In 1984-1985, he was chief interrogator and acted as deputy prosecutor. In this capacity, he was allegedly involved […]
Hossein Valipour

Hossein Valipour

Position during 1988 massacre: Deputy Prosecutor of Mashhad (representative of the Prosecutor); member of Mashhad “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Retired Valipour, a cleric, was allegedly actively involved in mass executing prisoners in Mashhad during the 1988 massacre.
Seyyed Taghi Badavam

Seyyed Taghi Badavam

Position during 1988 massacre: Representative of the Intelligence Ministry in Fuman; member of Fuman “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Retired agent of the Ministry of Intelligence; took up industrial activities, factory owner Allegedly, he was involved in the interrogation […]
Seyyed Ahmad Ghatilzad

Seyyed Ahmad Ghatilzad

Position during 1988 massacre: Shari’a Judge for Bandar-Anzali and west of Gilan; member of “Death Commission” of Bandar-Anzali and western Gilan Present post and occupation: Deceased (2013) He was assigned as Shari’a Judge to the following cities by direct orders […]
Brig. Gen. Ali Abdollahi Ali-Abadi

Brig. Gen. Ali Abdollahi Ali-Abadi

Position during 1988 massacre: Head of Naval Prison; member of Rasht “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Coordinator of the Headquarters of the Armed Forces According to an eyewitness, the “Death Commission” in Rasht consisted of the local prosecutor, the […]
Mohsen Khodaverdi

Mohsen Khodaverdi

Position during 1988 massacre: Revolutionary Prosecutor of Rasht; member of Rasht “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Deceased At the time of the mass executions, he was the Revolutionary Prosecutor and had allegedly signed off the execution of prisoners in […]
Hossein Moayed Abedi

Hossein Moayed Abedi

Position during 1988 massacre: Director General of the Ministry of Intelligence in Gilan Province; member of Rasht “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Member of executive board of a construction company in Bandar Anzali (adjacent to Rasht) He was the […]
Alimorad Heydari

Alimorad Heydari

Position during 1988 massacre: Deputy Shari’a Judge of Rasht and Shari’a Judge of eastern cities of Gilan Province; member of “Death Commission” of cities in eastern Gilan Present post and occupation: Deceased He was a member of the “Death Commission” […]
Hamid Moussavi

Hamid Moussavi

Position during 1988 massacre: Representative of the Intelligence Ministry; member of Masjed Soleyman “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Unknown He reportedly was interrogator of the Intelligence Ministry in the “Death Commission” which was allegedly responsible for the execution of […]
Reza Sarami

Reza Sarami

Position during 1988 massacre: Director of Khuzestan prisons; member of Khuzestan “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Retired He was the director of Khuzestan’s prisons from 1985 to 1996. He, allegedly, took part in decisions leading to the executions that […]
Gholamreza Khalaf Rezai-Zare’

Gholamreza Khalaf Rezai-Zare’

Position during 1988 massacre: Assistant Prosecutor; member of Dezful “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Supreme Court judge Gholamreza Khalaf Rezai-Zare’ was allegedly promoted to chief justice for several provinces due to his compliance and active role during the 1988 […]
Shamsedin Kazemi

Shamsedin Kazemi

Position in 1988 massacre: Head of Dezful Prison; member of Dezful “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Unknown He reportedly was a member of the “Death Commission” in Dezful’s UNESCO prison during the 1988 mass executions. He allegedly, together with […]
Hossein Mirsadeghi

Hossein Mirsadeghi

Position in 1988 massacre: Prosecutor of the city of Ardabil; member of Ardabil “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Unknown Mirsadeghi was a native of Zanjan. He was appointed as Ardabil Prosecutor in 1981. Together with two others under the […]
Haj Seyyed Abol-Hassan Chapari

Haj Seyyed Abol-Hassan Chapari

Position in 1988 massacre: Director General of the Prisons Organization in East Azerbaijan Province; member of Eastern Azerbaijan “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Unknown Haj Seyyed Abol-Hassan Chapari (A.K.A Shejkh al Modir)
Mahboubi

Mahboubi

Position during 1988 Massacre: Representative of the Ministry of Intelligence in East Azerbaijan “Death Commission” Present post and occupation: Unknown
Mukhtar Heydarzadeh

Mukhtar Heydarzadeh

Position during 1988 Massacre: Provincial Prosecutor and member of the “Death Commission” of Eastern Azerbaijan Province Current Position: Head of the logistics section of the Administrative Justice Court He was the Prosecutor of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Tabriz, Eastern […]