Signatories Of Open Letter To UN Human Rights Council - 25 January 2022

More than 460 current and former United Nations officials, human rights and legal experts, and international NGOs and academic institutions have written to the UN Human Rights Council calling for an international inquiry into the 1988 massacre of thousands of political prisoners in Iran. The letter urges the HRC to challenge the impunity enjoyed by Iranian officials by mandating an international investigation into the 1988 mass executions and enforced disappearances. Read the full text of the letter.

The JVMI issued a press release about the open letter on 27 January. Read our statement here.

Here are the 470 signatories:

Co-Signatory NGOs

Distinguished Signatories

Ricardo Lagos Escobar

President of Chile (2000-2006); UN Special Envoy on Climate Change (2007-2010); President of Fundación Democracia y Desarrollo (FDD) - (Chile)

Jacques Santer

Prime Minister of Luxembourg (1984-1995); President of the European Commission (1995-1999) - (Luxembourg)

Sang-Hyun Song

President of the International Criminal Court (ICC)(2009-2015) - (South Korea)

Joachim Rücker

President of the UN Human Rights Council (2015); Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Germany to the UN in Geneva (2014-2016); Inspector General of the Federal Foreign Office (2011-2014); Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General and Head of the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) (2006-2008) - (Germany)

Sir Howard Morrison QC

President of the Appeals Division of the International Criminal Court (ICC) (2012-2018 & 2020-2021); former Judge, UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) - (United Kingdom)

José Luís da Cruz Vilaça

President of the Court of First Instance of the European Communities (1989-1995); Judge of the Court of Justice of the European Union (2012-2018); Member of the Portuguese Government (1980-1983); Professor of EU Law; Attorney at law, founder and managing partner of Cruz Vilaça Advogados - (Portugal)

Jose Ramos-Horta

Winner of the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize; former President of Timor-Leste (East Timor); Chair of the Steering Committee of the World Movement for Democracy; Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General in Guinea-Bissau and Head of UNIOGBIS (2013-2014) - (Timor-Leste)

Dr. Rowan Williams

Former Archbishop of Canterbury; former Master of Magdalene College, University of Cambridge - (United Kingdom)

Amb. Claude Heller

President of the UN Security Council (2009 & 2010); Former Permanent Representative of Mexico to the UN - (Mexico)

Guy Verhofstadt MEP

Prime Minister of Belgium (1999-2008); President of the Council of the European Union (2001-2001); Member of the European Parliament - (Belgium)

Juan E. Méndez

Former UN Special Rapporteur on Torture (2010-2016); UN Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide (2004-2007); former President of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) of the Organization of American States - (Argentina)

Pablo de Greiff

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Promotion of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Guarantees of Non-Recurrence (2012-2018); Rapporteur, UN Human Rights Council Experts' Group on Prevention (2019-2020); Member, UN Independent Investigation on Burundi (UNIIB) (2015-2016); Director, Prevention Project & Transitional Justice Program, Center for Human Rights and Global Justice, School of Law, New York University; Member, UN Secretary General’s Civil Society Advisory Board (2019-) - (Colombia)

Leila Nadya Sadat

Special Adviser on Crimes Against Humanity to the ICC Prosecutor (2012-present); Director, Crimes Against Humanity Initiative; James Carr Professor of International Criminal Law and Director of the Whitney R. Harris World Law Institute at Washington University Law School - (United States)

Tim McCormack

Special Adviser on War Crimes to the ICC Prosecutor (2010-present); Professor of International Law, The University of Tasmania - (Australia)

Christine Van den Wyngaert

Special Adviser to the ICC Prosecutor (2021-present); Judge, Kosovo Specialist Chambers (KSC) (2017-present); Judge, International Criminal Court (2009-2018); Ad hoc Judge, International Court of Justice (ICJ) (2000-2002); Judge, UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (2003–2009) - (Belgium)

Kevin Jon Heller

Professor of International Law and Security, University of Copenhagen (Centre for Military Studies); Professor of Law, Australian National University - (United States)

Karen Smith

UN Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on the Responsibility to Protect (2019-2021) - (South Africa)

Jennifer Welsh

UN Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on the Responsibility to Protect (2013-2016); Canada 150 Research Chair in Global Governance & Security, McGill University - (Canada)

Buhm-Suk Baek

Member, UN Human Rights Council Advisory Committee; Professor, Kyung Hee University - (South Korea)

Catherine Van de Heyning

Member, UN Human Rights Council Advisory Committee; Professor of fundamental rights, University of Antwerp - (Belgium)

Claudio Grossman

Member, UN International Law Commission (ILC) (2016-present); Chair, ILC’s Drafting Committee (2019); President, Inter-American Institute of Human Rights (IIDH) (2014-present); President, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) (1996, 2001); Chair, UN Committee against Torture (CAT) (4 terms, from 2008-2015); Chair, UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies (2013) - (Chile)

Stefan Trechsel

President of the European Commission of Human Rights (1995–1999); Judge, UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) (2006-2013) - (Switzerland)

Yasmin Sooka

Human rights lawyer; Chair of the UN Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan, former Commissioner, South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission; former Commissioner, Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission; Honorary Fellow, University of Cape Town - (South Africa)

Michael Lynk

Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, Western University - (Canada)

Margaret M. deGuzman

Judge, UN International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals; Professor of Law and Co-Director, Institute for International Law and Public Policy, Temple University Beasley School of Law - (United States)

Ana Salinas de Frías

Ad Hoc Judge, European Court of Human Rights (ECHR); Professor, Law Faculty of the University of Málaga, Spain; President, Spanish Society of International Law (AEPDIRI) - (Spain)

Anne Ramberg

Co-Chair, International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI); Ad hoc Judge, European Court of Human Rights (ECHR); Board Member, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA); Chair, Board of Uppsala University; former Secretary General, Swedish Bar Association - (Sweden)

Annalisa Ciampi

Ad hoc Judge, European Court of Human Rights (ECHR); former UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and of Association; Professor of International Law, University of Verona; member of the European Committee of Social Rights, Council of Europe (2008-2009); former Legal Adviser to the Italian Ministry for Foreign Affairs - (Italy)

Hon. Richard J. Goldstone

Former Judge of the Constitutional Court of South Africa; former Chief Prosecutor of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda; Honorary President of the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) - (South Africa)

Thomas Hammarberg

Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights (2006-2012); Secretary General of the Stockholm-based Olof Palme International Center (2002–2005); Ambassador of the Swedish Government on Humanitarian Affairs (1994–2002); Secretary General of the NGO “Save the Children Sweden” (1986–1992); Secretary General of Amnesty International (1980–1986); representative of the UN Secretary General for human rights in Cambodia (1996-2000); Member of Parliament (2018-present) - (Sweden)

Gen. Wesley K. Clark

Supreme Allied Commander Europe of NATO (1997-2000) - (United States)

Amb. Stephen J. Rapp

Former US Ambassador-at-Large for Global Criminal Justice (2009-2015); former Prosecutor of the UN Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) (2007-2009); Senior Fellow at Center for the Prevention of Genocide of US Holocaust Memorial Museum and at Center for Ethics, Law & Armed Conflict (ELAC) of Oxford University - (United States)

Gay McDougall

UN Independent Expert on Minority Issues (2005-2011); Member-Elect, UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) (Vice Chair 2018-2019); Senior Fellow and Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence, Leitner Center for International Law and Justice / Center for Race, Law and Justice, Fordham University School of Law - (United States)

Christian Tomuschat

Professor em. Humboldt University Berlin; President of the OSCE Court of Conciliation and Arbitration (2013-2019); Member of the UN Human Rights Committee (1977-1986); Member and Chairman of the UN International Law Commission (1985-1996); Rapporteur of the UN Human Rights Commission on the human rights situation in Guatemala (1990-1993); Coordinator, Commission for Historical Clarification (CEH), Guatemala (1997-1999) - (Germany)

Marc Bossuyt

Vice Chairperson of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD); President of the Constitutional Court of Belgium (2007-2014); Em. Professor, Antwerp University - (Belgium)

Hon. Gareth Evans AC QC

President Emeritus, International Crisis Group; former Foreign Minister of Australia; Chancellor of Australian National University (2010-2019); former member of the UN Secretary-General's Advisory Committee on Genocide - (Australia)

John Baird

Former Foreign Minister of Canada - (Canada)

Giulio Terzi

Former Foreign Minister of Italy; former Permanent Representative of Italy to the UN; former Ambassador of Italy to the US - (Italy)

Petrit Selimi

Former Foreign Minister of Republic of Kosovo - (Kosovo)

Radosław Sikorski MEP

Member of the European Parliament; former Foreign Minister of Poland - (Poland)

Amb. Hans Corell

Former Judge of Appeal; former Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and the Legal Counsel of the United Nations (1994-2004); former Co-Chair of the Council of the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute - (Sweden)

Mike Smith

Former Chair of the UN Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea; former Assistant Secretary-General of the UN in New York; Executive Director of the UN Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (2007-2013) - (Australia)

Frej Fenniche

Former Chief of Asia, Pacific, Middle East and North Africa Branch (APMENAB) at the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, based in Geneva (2015-2017); MENA Regional Representative of No Peace Without Justice - (Switzerland)

William A. Schabas

Chair of the UN Independent Commission of Inquiry on the 2014 Gaza Conflict (2014-2015); member of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission (2002-2004); Chair of the Board of Trustees at the UN Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field of Human Rights (2009-2011); President of the International Association of Genocide Scholars (2009-2011); President of the Institute for International Criminal Investigation (2021-present); professor of international law at Middlesex University in London - (Canada)

Geoffrey Robertson QC

First President, UN Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL); ‘Distinguished jurist’ on the UN Internal Justice Council (2008-2012); Founder and Head, Doughty Street Chambers; author ‘Crimes Against Humanity,’ ‘Mullahs without Mercy’ and ‘The Massacre of Political Prisoners in Iran, 1988’ - (Australia)

Sir Geoffrey Nice QC

Lead prosecutor at the trial of Slobodan Milošević in The Hague; prosecuted the case of Bosnian Croat Dario Kordić at the UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), successfully prosecuted Goran Jelisić at the ICTY - (United Kingdom)

Robert K. Goldman

Former UN Independent Expert on the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism; former President and member, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR); current President, International Commission of Jurists (ICJ); Professor of Law & Louis C James Scholar, Washington College of Law, American University - (United States)

Pierre d’Argent

Professor, Law Faculty of the University of Louvain; Member, Institute of International Law (IIL); Member, Brussels Bar; President, European Society of International Law (ESIL); First Secretary of the International Court of Justice (2009-2011) - (Belgium)

Mark Ellis

Executive Director, International Bar Association (IBA); former Chair of the UN Advisory Panel on Matters Relating to Defence Counsel of the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals - (United Kingdom)

Sternford Moyo

President, International Bar Association (IBA) - (Zimbabwe)

Melanie O'Brien

Associate Professor of International Law, University of Western Australia - (Australia)

Klaus U. Rackwitz

Director, International Nuremberg Principles Academy, Nuremberg - (Germany)

Theo van Boven

Former Director of the United Nations Division of Human Rights (1977-1982); former UN Special Rapporteur on Torture (2001-2004) - (The Netherlands)

Manfred Nowak

Former UN Special Rapporteur on Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (2004-2010); former member of the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID); former judge at the Human Rights Chamber for Bosnia and Herzegovina - (Austria)

Maud De Boer-Buquicchio

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Sale and Sexual Exploitation of Children (2014-2020); former Deputy Secretary General of the Council of Europe - (The Netherlands)

Jean Ziegler

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food (2000-2008); former Vice-President of the UN Human Rights Council Advisory Committee - (Switzerland)

Michel Forst

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders (2014-2020); former UN Independent Expert on Haiti (2008-2013) - (France)

Dubravka Šimonovic

Former UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women (2015-2021); former Chairperson of UN CEDAW; Chairperson of the UN Commission on the Status of Women (2001-2002) - (Croatia)

Joseph A. Cannataci

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Privacy (2015-2021); Chair in European Information Policy & Technology Law; Co-Director, Security, Technology & e-Privacy (STeP) Research Group, University of Groningen, The Netherlands; Head of Department of Information Policy & Governance, University of Malta; Senior Fellow and Associate Researcher at the CNAM Security-Defense-Intelligence Department, Paris, France - (Malta)

Gabriela Knaul

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers (2009-2015) - (Brazil)

Gulnara Shahinian

Former UN Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Slavery, Including Its Causes and Consequences (2008-2014) - (Armenia)

Yakin Ertürk

Former UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women (2003-2009); Prof emeritus, Middle East Technical University, Ankara; Director of UN Division for the Advancement of Women (1999-2001); Member, Council of Europe Committee on the Prevention of Torture (2009-2013) - (Turkey)

François Crépeau

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants (2011-2017); Faculty of Law, McGill University - (Canada)

Heiner Bielefeldt

Former UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief (2010-2016); former Director, German Institute for Human Rights / Deutsche Institut für Menschenrechte (DIMR) - (Germany)

Urmila Bhoola

Former UN Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Slavery (2014-2020) - (South Africa)

Dainius Pūras

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health (2014-2020); Director of the Human Rights Monitoring Institute / VŠĮ Žmogaus Teisių Stebėjimo Institutas - (Lithuania)

Okechukwu Ibeanu

Former UN Special Rapporteur on Toxics and Human Rights (2004-2010) - (Nigeria)

Catarina de Albuquerque

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Right to Water and Sanitation (2008-2014); Chair of the UN Working Group in charge of drafting an Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (2004-2008) - (Portugal)

John H. Knox

Former UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment (2012-2018); Henry C. Lauerman Professor of International Law, Wake Forest University School of Law - (United States)

Fantu Cheru

Former UN Special Rapporteur on Foreign Debt and Structural Adjustment; Emeritus Professor of International Political Economy at American University, Washington, DC - (Ethiopia/United States)

Léo Heller

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation (2014-2020) - (Brazil)

Yanghee Lee

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (2014-2020); former Chair of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child - (South Korea)

S. James Anaya

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples - (United States)

Gabriela Rodríguez Pizarro

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants (1999-2005) - (Costa Rica)

Anand Grover

Senior Advocate, Supreme Court of India; Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health (2008-2014); Adjunct Professor, Georgetown Law Center, Georgetown University, Washington; Member, Global Commission on Drug Policy; Director, Lawyers Collective - (India)

Rashida Manjoo

Former UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, its Causes and Consequences (2009-2015); Emeritus Professor, University of Cape Town - (South Africa)

Santiago Corcuera-Cabezut

Former Chair-Rapporteur of the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID); former Chair of the UN Committee against Enforced Disappearances; former Chair of the Co-ordinating Committee of the Special Procedures of the UN Human Rights Council - (Mexico)

Houria Esslami

Former Chair-Rapporteur of the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) - (Morocco)

Ariel E. Dulitzky

Former Chair-Rapporteur of the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID); Director of the Human Rights Clinic of the School of Law at University of Texas at Austin - (Argentina)

Jeremy Sarkin

Former Chair-Rapporteur of the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) - (South Africa)

José Luis Gómez del Prado

Former Chair-Rapporteur of the UN Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries - (Spain)

Gabor Rona

Former Chair-Rapporteur of the UN Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries; former International Legal Director of Human Rights First; Professor of Practice at Cardozo Law School - (United States)

Alda M. Facio

Former Chair-Rapporteur of the UN Working Group on Discrimination Against Women and Girls - (Costa Rica)

Saeed Mokbil

Former Chair-Rapporteur of the UN Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries - (Yemen)

Alfred De Zayas

Former UN Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable International Order (2012-2018) - (United States)

Santiago A. Cantón

Former Chair of the UN Commission of Inquiry on the 2018 protests in the Occupied Palestinian Territory; former Executive Secretary of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR); former Director of RFK Partners for Human Rights at the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights; Director of the Peter D. Bell Rule of Law Program at the Inter-American Dialogue - (Argentina)

Uldis Ķinis

Ad Litem Judge, UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) (2008-2011); Justice and Vice-President of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia (2007-2017) - (Latvia)

Ad Melkert

Former Special Representative for Iraq of the UN Secretary-General and Head of the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI); former UN Under-Secretary-General and Associate Administrator of the UN Development Programme (UNDP) - (The Netherlands)

Wolfgang Schomburg

Judge, UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) (2001-2008); former Judge, UN International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) - (Germany)

Marek Antoni Nowicki

Former President of the UN Human Rights Advisory Panel in Kosovo; former UN-appointed International Ombudsperson in Kosovo (2000-2005); former member of the European Commission of Human Rights (1993-1999) - (Poland)

Sonja Biserko

Former Member of the UN Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights Violations in North Korea (DPRK); founder and President of the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights in Serbia - (Serbia)

Giovanni Grasso

Former International Judge of the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina; former Judge of the Human Rights Chamber for Bosnia and Herzegovina - (Italy)

Ken Scott

Former member of the UN Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan; former Special Prosecutor at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon; former senior prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) (1998-2011); former Assistant US Attorney and Chief of the Complex Prosecutions Section in the prosecution office (1985-1997) - (United States)

Eric David

Former member of the UN-affiliated International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (2006-2016); International Public Law Professor. Em., Université Libre de Bruxelles - (Belgium)

Andrzej Rzepliński

Member of the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (1994-2004); Member of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (2004-2008); President of the Constitutional Tribunal in Poland (2010-2016); Member of the Advisory Board of the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (2013-present) - (Poland)

Graham Blewitt AM

Former Magistrate; Deputy Chief Prosecutor, UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) (1994-2004) - (Australia)

David M. Crane

Founding Chief Prosecutor, UN Special Court for Sierra Leone; Founder, Global Accountability Network - (United States)

Yoko Hayashi

Chairperson of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) (2015-2016) - (Japan)

Hans-Christof von Sponeck

Former UN Assistant Secretary-General and UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Iraq - (Germany)

Curt Goering

Head of the Gaza Office for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (2009-2010); Executive Director, Center for Victims of Torture (CVT) (2012-2021); former Chief Operating Officer, Amnesty International USA; Fellow, Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard University - (United States)

Apuk Hiljmnijeta

Winner, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights for 2013; Director, Little People of Kosova; Member, Ad Hoc Committee of the UN General Assembly on drafting of the Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities - (Kosovo)

Rt. Hon. Sir David Edward

Former Judge, European Court of Justice (1992-2004); Professor Emeritus, University of Edinburgh - (United Kingdom)

Sir Nicholas Forwood QC

Former Judge, General Court of the European Union (1999-2015) - (United Kingdom)

Valeriu M. Ciucă

Former Judge, General Court of the European Union (2007-2010) - (Romania)

Josef Azizi

Former Judge, General Court of the European Union (1995-2013) - (Austria)

Rui Manuel Gens Moura Ramos

Former Judge of the General Court of the European Union (1995-2003); former President of the Constitutional Court of Portugal (2007-2012) - (Portugal)

Vilenas Vadapalas

Former Judge, General Court of the European Union (2004-2013) - (Lithuania)

Sir Francis Jacobs QC

Advocate General of the Court of Justice of the European Communities (1988-2006); President of the European Law Institute (ELI) (2011-2013); President of the Centre of European Law at King’s College London; President of the United Kingdom Association for European Law (to 2014); President of the UNIDROIT Administrative Tribunal; Governor of the British Institute of Human Rights - (United Kingdom)

Miguel Poiares Maduro

Advocate General, European Court of Justice (2003-2009); Professor, Director of the Global Governance Programme, European University Institute (2009-present) - (Portugal)

Eleanor Sharpston QC

Advocate General at the Court of Justice of the European Union (2006-2020) - (United Kingdom)

Laurence Burgorgue-Larsen

Former President of the Constitutional Court of Andorra (2014-2016); Professor of Law at the Sorbonne Law School (Universite de Paris 1) - (France)

Maude Barlow

Former Senior Advisor on Water to the President of the United Nations General Assembly and former Chairperson of the Council of Canadians - (Canada)

Reed Brody

Member, International Commission of Jurists; former Deputy Chief of the UN Secretary-General’s Investigative Team in the Democratic Republic of Congo; former Director of the Human Rights Division of the UN Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL) - (United States)

Fannie Lafontaine

Professor, Faculty of Law, Université Laval; Canada Research Chair in International Criminal Justice and Human Rights, Université Laval; Special Adviser and Human Rights Officer, Executive Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (2005-2006); Human Rights Officer and Special Assistant to the President of the UN International Commission of Inquiry on Darfur (2004-2005); Project Director, Canadian Partnership for International Justice; Co-Director, International Criminal and Humanitarian Law Clinic (ICHLC), Université Laval - (Canada)

Eleonora Zielińska

Professor of Criminal Law, Faculty of law and Administration, Warsaw University; Member of the UN Working Group on discrimination against women in law and practice (2010-2017) - (Poland)

Kate Mackintosh

Executive Director, Promise Institute for Human Rights, UCLA School of Law; Deputy Registrar, UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) (2012-2017) - (United Kingdom)

Stephen P. Marks

Chair, High-Level Task Force on the Implementation of the Right to Development, UN Human Rights Council (2005-2010); Francois-Xavier Bagnoud Professor of Health and Human Rights, Harvard University; Director, Program on Human Rights in Development (PHRD), Harvard University - (United States)

Anna Wyrozumska

Professor of International Law, Faculty of Law and Administration, University of Lodz; former Judge Ad hoc, European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) - (Poland)

Patrick Burgess

President, Asia Justice and Rights (AJAR); former Director of Human Rights, UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (UN DPKO) Peacekeeping missions to Timor Leste; former Senior Member, Australian Refugee Tribunal - (Australia)

Kate Mackintosh

Former member, UN Commission of Inquiry on the 2018 protests in the Occupied Palestinian Territory; former Member, UN Group of Independent Experts on Accountability in DPRK; Advocate, Supreme Court of Bangladesh - (Bangladesh)

Tahar Boumedra

Justice for the Victims of the 1988 Massacre in Iran (JVMI); former Chief of UNAMI Human Rights Office and Representative of the HCHR in Iraq - (United Kingdom)

Susan L. Bissell

Former Associate Director and Chief of Child Protection for UNICEF (2009-2015); Founding Director of Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children; Visiting Scholar and FXB Fellow at Harvard University - (Canada)

Charles A. Adeogun-Phillips

Former lead prosecutor in 12 precedent-setting genocide trials before the UN International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda between 1998 and 2010; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC); Contributor, International Criminal Investigations: Law and Practice, 2017 - (United Kingdom & Nigeria)

Mikołaj Pietrzak

Former Chair of the Board of Trustees of the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture; Dean of the Warsaw Bar Association; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Poland)

Prof. Theresia Degener

Former Chairperson, UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD); Director of Bochum Center for Disability Studies (BODYS) - (Germany)

Clair Duffy

Former Prosecution Appeals Counsel, UN International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) - (Australia)

Prof. Cephas Lumina

United Nations Independent Expert on foreign debt and human rights (2008-2014); Member of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (2017-2021) - (Zambia)

Irwin Cotler

Former Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada; Founder and Chair of the Raoul Wallenberg Centre for Human Rights; Emeritus Professor of Law McGill University - (Canada)

Maria Candida Almeida

Former Deputy Attorney General at the Supreme Court of Justice; Member of the Advisory Board of the General Attorney’s Office; Director of the Central Department of Criminal Investigation; Deputy Director of the Center for Judicial Studies; Current President of the General Assembly of the Portuguese Association of Jurist Women – (Portugal)

François Zimeray

French Human Rights Ambassador-at-large (2008-2013); Member of the European Parliament (1999-2004); Ambassador to the Kingdom of Denmark (2013-2018) - (France)

Baroness Boothroyd

Former Speaker of the House of Commons - (United Kingdom)

Lord Neil Kinnock

Vice President of the European Commission (1999-2004); Member of the House of Lords - (United Kingdom)

Timothy J. Christian QC

Chief Federal Negotiator of the Government of Canada (1996–2010) and Dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Alberta (1985-1995) - (Canada)

Amb. Ken Blackwell

Former US Ambassador to the UN Commission on Human Rights - (United States)

Brice Dickson

Professor of International and Comparative Law, Queen’s University Belfast (QUB); Chief Commissioner of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission (1999-2005) - (United Kingdom)

Claude Nicati

Deputy Prosecutor General of Switzerland (2001-2009); former President of the Government of the State of Neuchâtel (Switzerland); former investigating judge, Neuchâtel; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Switzerland)

Brig. Gen. Richard M. O’Meara

Lecturer, School of Diplomacy and International Relations, Seton Hall University; Director, Division of Global Affairs, Rutgers University (2016-2018); Advisor, The Peace Boat (Academic Committee, UN affiliated international educational institution) (2018-); Faculty Associate, Center for the Study of Genocide and Human Rights, Rutgers University; Brigadier General, US Army (ret.); Assistant to the Judge Advocate General for Operations, Washington DC (1996-2000) - (United States)

Baroness Verma

Former UK Energy & Climate Change Minister and former International Development Minister - (United Kingdom)

Ellen Samyn

Member of Parliament; Vice President of the Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee - (Belgium)

Senator Leo Housakos

Senator from Canada; former Speaker of the Senate of Canada (2015) - (Canada)

Lord Alton of Liverpool

Member of the House of Lords - (United Kingdom)

Rt. Hon. David Jones MP

Member of Parliament; former UK Secretary of State for Wales - (United Kingdom)

Bob Blackman MP

Member of Parliament - (United Kingdom)

Steve McCabe MP

Member of Parliament - (United Kingdom)

Milan Zver MEP

Member of the European Parliament from Slovenia - (Slovenia)

Emanuelis Zingeris

Member of Parliament; Head, Seimas Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe - (Lithuania)

Rep. Patrick Kennedy

Former Member of the US House of Representatives - (United States)

Hon. David Kilgour

Former Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada (1994-1997); former Canadian Secretary of State for Latin America & Africa (1997-2002); and former Secretary of State for Asia-Pacific (2002-2003) - (Canada)

Hon. Tony Clement PC

Former Member of Parliament from Canada; former Canadian Minister of Industry; Minister of Health and President of the Treasury Board - (Canada)

Paul R. Milgrom

2020 Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences - (United States)

Barry C. Barish

2017 Nobel Laureate in Physics - (United States)

Joachim Frank

2017 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry - (United States)

Sir Fraser Stoddart

2016 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry - (United States)

Jean-Pierre Sauvage

2016 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry - (France)

Oliver Hart

2016 Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences - (United States)

David Wineland

2012 Nobel Laureate in Physics - (United States)

John C. Mather

2006 Nobel Laureate in Physics; Senior Project Scientist, James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) - (United States)

Roger Kornberg

2006 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry - (United States)

John L. Hall

2005 Nobel Laureate in Physics - (United States)

Elfriede Jelinek

2004 Nobel Laureate in Literature - (Austria)

Finn E. Kydland

2004 Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences - (Norway)

Sir Richard J. Roberts

1993 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine - (United Kingdom)

Elias J. Corey

1990 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry - (United States)

John Polanyi

1986 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry - (Canada)

Dudley R. Herschbach

1986 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry - (United States)

Roald Hoffmann

1981 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry - (United States)

Sheldon Glashow

1979 Nobel Laureate in Physics - (United States)

Juan E. Garcés

Spanish lawyer and former advisor to Chilean President Salvador Allende; Winner of the 1999 Right Livelihood Award (Sweden); Director of “Garcés y Prada Abogados”, Madrid; President of the Spanish Foundation “President Allende” - (Spain)

Ingrid Betancourt

Former Senator and Presidential candidate - (Colombia)

Rev. William F. Schulz

Former Executive Director, Amnesty International USA (1994-2006); President Emeritus, Unitarian Universalist Service Committee; Senior Fellow, Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard Kennedy School - (United States)

Herman Schwartz

Professor of Law Emeritus at American University Washington College of Law - (United States)

Michael A. Newton

Professor of the Practice of Law, Vanderbilt University Law School; Senior Adviser to the Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues in the US State Department (1999-2002); US representative on the UN Planning Mission for the Sierra Leone Special Court (2002); Expert Adviser to the UN Regional Center for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNLIREC) (2013-2014) - (United States)

Frank Chalk

Professor of History and Founding Co-director, The Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies, Concordia University; President, the Association of Genocide Scholars (1999-2001) - (Canada)

Ben Kiernan

A. Whitney Griswold Professor of History, Yale University; Professor of International & Area Studies, MacMillan Center; Founding Director of the Cambodian Genocide Program (1994-1999); Founding Director of the Genocide Studies Program (1998-2015) at Yale University; Convenor of the Yale East Timor Project (2000-2002) - (United States)

David J. Simon

Director, Genocide Studies Program at Yale University - (United States)

Kyle Matthews

Executive Director of the Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (MIGS) at Concordia University - (Canada)

Debórah Dwork

Director, Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide, and Crimes Against Humanity at The Graduate Center—City University of New York (CUNY) - (United States)

Maxim Pensky

Co-director of the Institute for Genocide and Mass Atrocity Prevention (I-GMAP), Binghamton University, NY - (United States)

Nadia Rubaii

Co-director of the Institute for Genocide and Mass Atrocity Prevention (I-GMAP), Binghamton University, NY - (United States)

Manus I. Midlarsky

Director, Center for the Study of Mass Violence (CSMV), Rutgers University; Moses and Annuta Back Professor of International Peace and Conflict Resolution, Department of Political Science, Rutgers University - (United States)

Victoria Sanford

Founding Director, Center for Human Rights & Peace Studies at Lehman College-City University of New York (CUNI); Lehman Professor of Excellence, 2021-2024 - (United States)

Daniel Eduardo Feierstein

Director, Center for Genocide Studies - Centro de Estudios sobre Genocidio (CEG), National University of Tres de Febrero (UNTREF); President, International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) (2013-2015); Professor at the University of Buenos Aires and Scholar at CONICET - (Argentina)

Joanna R. Quinn

Founding Director of the Centre for Transitional Justice and Post-Conflict Reconstruction (TJ Centre), Western University - (Canada)

Valerie Oosterveld

Associate Director, Centre for Transitional Justice and Post-Conflict Reconstruction (TJ Centre), Western University; Professor, Faculty of Law, Western University - (Canada)

Eli L. Karetny

Deputy Director, Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies, at The Graduate Center—City University of New York (CUNY) - (United States)

Eyal Benvenisti

Director of the Lauterpacht Centre of International Law; Whewell Professor of International Law, University of Cambridge - (Israel)

Michael J. Kelly

Senator Allen A. Sekt Endowed Chair in Law, Creighton University; Director, Nuremberg International Criminal Law Study Abroad Program, Creighton University School of Law - (United States)

Gerald Staberock

Secretary General of World Organization Against Torture (OMCT) - (Germany)

Mehnaz Afridi

Director of the Holocaust, Genocide, and Interfaith Education Center, Manhattan College - (United States)

Baroness Helena Kennedy QC

Member of the House of Lords; President, JUSTICE; Chair, British Council (1998-2004) - (United Kingdom)

Andreas Bummel

Executive Director of Democracy Without Borders - (Germany)

Uriel Epshtein

Executive Director, Renew Democracy Initiative (RDI) - (United States)

Dominique Attias

President, European Bars Federation / Fédération des Barreaux d’Europe (FBE) - (France)

Ezechia Paolo Reale

Secretary General, The Siracusa International Institute for Criminal Justice and Human Rights; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Italy)

Carmen K. Cheung

Executive Director, Center for Justice & Accountability (CJA) - (United States)

William H. Wiley

Executive Director, Commission for International Justice and Accountability (CIJA) - (Canada)

Sandra M. Coyle

Consulting Executive Director of World Federalist Movement/Institute for Global Policy (WFM/IGP) - (United States)

György Tatár

Director, Budapest Centre for Mass Atrocities Prevention (BCMAP); Head of EU Task Force for Conflict Prevention/Emerging Horizontal Security Issues (2004-2010) - (Hungary)

Ranjana Kumari

Director, Centre for Social Research (CSR); former Member, Task Force on Industrial Relations, International Labour Organization (ILO) - (India)

Rafael Uzcategui

General Coordinator, Programa Venezolano de Educación-Acción en Derechos Humanos (Venezuelan Program for Education and Action on Human Rights) (Provea) - (Venezuela)

Elisa von Joeden-Forgey

Endowed Chair, Department of Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Keene State College; Co-Founder and Co-President, Lemkin Institute for Genocide Prevention; Academic Board Member, Zoryan Institute; Former President, Genocide Watch; Former First Vice President, International Association of Genocide Scholars - (United States)

Irene Victoria Massimino

Former High Criminal Court Rapporteur of Buenos Aires, Argentina (2016-2020); former Co-Secretary-Treasurer of the International Association of Genocide Scholars (2015-2017); Member of the Resolutions Committee of the IAGS (2017-Present); Co-President of the Lemkin Institute for Genocide Prevention; Professor of Jurisprudence and Human Rights - (Argentina)

Ivana Žanić

Executive Director, Humanitarian Law Center - Fond za humanitarno pravo - (Serbia)

Bob Flax

Executive Director, Citizens for Global Solutions - (United States)

Toby Cadman

Co-founder of Guernica 37 International Justice Chambers - (United Kingdom)

Gilbert Mitterrand

President, France Libertés - Fondation Danielle Mitterrand - (France)

Antonio Stango

President, Italian Federation for Human Rights (FIDU) - (Italy)

Stefan Braum

Professor of European Criminal Law and former Dean of the Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance of the University of Luxembourg - (Luxembourg)

Pierre Bercis

President, Nouveaux Droits de l'Homme (NDH) - (France)

Akila Radhakrishnan

President, Global Justice Center - (United States)

Errol P. Mendes

President, International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), Canadian Section; Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa; Latest Book: Peace and Justice at the International Criminal Court, 2020 - (Canada)

Cheryl Lawther

Director, Human Rights Centre, Queen's University Belfast (QUB); Senior Lecturer, School of Law, Queen's University Belfast (QUB) - (United Kingdom)

Igor Bandović

Director, Belgrade Center for Security Policy (BCSP) - (Serbia)

James Silk

Binger Clinical Professor of Human Rights, Allard K. Lowenstein International Human Rights Clinic, Yale Law School; Director, Orville H. Schell, Jr. Center for International Human Rights, Yale Law School - (United States)

Alexander Bellamy

Centre Director, Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect (APR2P); Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies at the University of Queensland - (Australia)

Elizabeth Silkes

Executive Director, International Coalition of Sites of Conscience (ICSC) - (United States)

Alejandro Baer

Stephen C. Feinstein Chair and Director of the Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (CHGS); Professor, Department of Sociology at the University of Minnesota - (United States)

Predrag Dojčinović

Adjunct Professor and Research Affiliate at the Human Rights Institute at the University of Connecticut; War Crimes expert at the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) (1998-2017) - (United States)

Almudena Bernabeu

Executive Director, Guernica Centre for International Justice - (Spain)

Dwayne Ryan Menezes

Founder and Managing Director, Human Security Centre (HSC) - (United Kingdom)

H. Peter Langille

Director, Sustainable Common Security - (Canada)

Hope R. Metcalf

Executive Director, Schell Center for International Human Rights, Yale Law School - (United States)

Ellen J. Kennedy

Executive Director, World Without Genocide - (United States)

Kamal Sido

Society for Threatened Peoples (STP) / Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker (GfbV) - (Germany)

Eric Stover

Faculty Director, Human Rights Center, School of Law, University of California, Berkeley - (United States)

Nelson Camilo Sánchez

Director, Center for International and Comparative Law at the University of Virginia, School of Law - (Colombia)

Élise Le Gall

President, French Association for the Promotion of Universal Jurisdiction - Association Française pour la Promotion de la Compétence Universelle (AFPCU); Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (France)

Susana SáCouto

Director, War Crimes Research Office (WCRO), American University Washington College of Law (AUWCL) - (United States)

Maxine Marcus

Director and Co-Founder, Partners in Justice International (PJI); former Legal and SGBV Advisor to the OHCHR Fact Finding Mission for Sri Lanka, the UN Secretary General’s CAR Independent Review Panel, and the UN Commission of Inquiry for Guinea; former Trial Attorney ICTY and Investigator SCSL - (Germany / United States)

Lindsay Freeman

Law and Policy Director of the Technology and Human Rights Program, Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkeley School of Law - (United States)

Mabel Bianco

President of Foundation for Studies and Research on Women - Fundacion Para Estudio e Investigacion De la Mujer (FEIM); Co-Chair of the UN-affiliated Major Groups and other Stakeholders High-Level Political Forum Coordination Mechanism (MGoS HLPF CM) - (Argentina)

L. Kathleen Roberts

Co-Founder and Co-Director, Partners in Justice International (PJI); former Legal Director, Center for Justice & Accountability (CJA) - (United States)

Kristian Skrede Gleditsch

Regius Professor of Political Science, Department of Government, University of Essex; Director, Michael Nicholson Centre for Conflict and Cooperation, University of Essex; Research Associate, International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) - (Norway)

Stephen Eric Bronner

Co-Director, International Council for Diplomacy and Dialogue (ICDD); Board of Governors Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Political Science, Rutgers University; Affiliate Distinguished Fellow, Center for the Study of Genocide and Human Rights (CGHR), Rutgers University - (United States)

Eric Heinze

Executive Director, Centre for Law, Democracy, and Society (CLDS), Queen Mary University of London; Professor of Law & Humanities, School of Law, Queen Mary University of London - (United Kingdom)

Chris Mahony

CEO, Peloria; former United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Transitional Justice Global Focal Point; former Senior Political Economy Specialist, World Bank - (New Zealand)

Cynthia Tai

Executive Director and Founder, Project Expedite Justice (PEJ); former Senior Investigator and Senior Trial Lawyer at the ICC; pro tem Judge in the State of Hawaii - (United States)

Benjamin E. Goldsmith

Professor at the Australian National University (ANU); scholar in genocide and mass atrocities - (Australia)

Elazar Barkan

Director, Institute for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia University; Director, School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) Human Rights Concentration; Professor of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University - (United States)

Yevgeniy Zhovtis

Director, Kazakhstan International Bureau for Human Rights and Rule of Law (KIBHR); Board Member, International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) - (Kazakhstan)

Serena Oberstein

Executive Director, Jewish World Watch - (United States)

Samuel Munderere

Chief Executive, Survivors Fund (SURF) - (United Kingdom)

Binalakshmi Nepram

Founder-Director, Manipur Women Gun Survivors Network/CAFI; Convenor, Northeast India Women Initiative for Peace; Founder, Global Alliance of Indigenous Peoples, Gender Justice and Peace; Fellow, CARR Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard Kennedy School - (India)

Tali Nates

Founder and Executive Director, Johannesburg Holocaust and Genocide Center - (South Africa)

Adam Muller

Director, Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Manitoba - (Canada)

Vincent Asselineau

Chair, European Criminal Bar Association (ECBA); Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (France)

Jerry P. White

Professor Emeritus, Sociology, Western University; Director, Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium - (Canada)

Robin Kirk

Faculty Co-Director, Duke Human Rights Center; Professor of Cultural Anthropology, Duke University - (United States)

Lorraine Smith Van Lin

Executive Director, Tallawah Justice for Women; consultant on international law and human rights; former Prosecutor and Resident Magistrate - (Jamaica)

Jennifer Wright Knust

Professor of Religious Studies, Duke University; Director, Elizabeth A. Clark Center for Late Ancient Studies; Co-Director, Franklin Humanities Institute Manuscript Migration Lab - (United Kingdom)

Paulo Ilich Bacca

Director of the Ethnic and Racial Justice Area, Dejusticia; Lecturer in Legal Theory, Javeriana University - (Colombia)

Tom Ginsburg

Faculty Board Co-Chair, Pozen Family Center for Human Rights, University of Chicago; Professor of International Law, University of Chicago - (United States)

Nana-Jo N’Dow

Founder and Executive Director, African Network against Extrajudicial Killings and Enforced Disappearances (ANEKED) - (Gambia)

Laurel E. Fletcher

Chancellor's Clinical Professor of Law, University of California, Berkeley; Co-Director, International Human Rights Law Clinic (IHRLC), University of California, Berkeley - (United States)

Mélanie Sonhaye-Kombate

Executive Director, West Africa Human Rights Defenders Network (WAHRDN / ROADDH) - (Togo)

Fabián O. Raimondo

Associate Professor of Public International Law, Maastricht University; Executive Director, Maastricht Blog on Transitional Justice (www.transitionaljustice.net); Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Argentina)

Richard C. Dieter, J.D.

Former Executive Director of the Death Penalty Information Center, Adjunct Professor of Law at the Catholic University of America - (United States)

R. Bruce McColm

President, Institute for Democratic Strategies; former Executive Director, Freedom House - (United States)

Rabbi Abraham Cooper

Associate Dean, Simon Wiesenthal Center - (United States)

Sergio D’Elia

Secretary General, Hands Off Cain - (Italy)

Lisa Forman

Canada Research Chair in Human Rights and Global Health Equity, Associate Professor and Interim Director of PhD Program at the Social and Behavioural Health Sciences Division of the Dalla Lana School of Public Health of the University of Toronto - (Canada)

Nela Navarro

Associate Director, Center for the Study of Genocide and Human Rights (CGHR), Rutgers University; Associate Director, Rutgers English Language Institute (RELI) - (United States)

Alastair Logan OBE, LL.B

Council member of The Law Society of England and Wales, Chair of the Solicitors International Human Rights Group - (United Kingdom)

Ben Saul

Challis Chair of International Law, University of Sydney - (Australia)

Susan Benesch

Faculty Associate, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society, Harvard University; Founding Director, Dangerous Speech Project - (United States)

Hans Noot

Director, Gerard Noodt Foundation for Freedom of Religion or Belief - (The Netherlands)

Angana Chatterji

Co-chair, Initiative on Political Conflict, Gender and People's Rights, Center for Race and Gender, University of California, Berkeley - (United States)

Surabhi Ranganathan

Co-Acting Director, Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge; Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, King's College, University of Cambridge - (United Kingdom)

Stephen Gardbaum

Stephen Yeazell Endowed Chair in Law; Faculty Director, Promise Institute for Human Rights, UCLA School of Law - (United States)

Damien Short

Co-Director, Human Rights Consortium (HRC); Professor of Human Rights and Environmental Justice, School of Advanced Study, University of London; Academic contributor, UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2011) - (United Kingdom)

Habib Nassar

Director of Policy and Research, Impunity Watch; former Senior Transitional Justice Advisor/Human Rights Officer, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) - (The Netherlands)

Alexander Alvarez

Professor, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Northern Arizona University; Founding Director of the Martin-Springer Institute for Teaching the Holocaust, Tolerance, and Humanitarian Values - (United States)

James Scott

Sterling Professor of Political Science; Director, Agrarian Studies Program; Professor of Anthropology, Yale University - (United States)

Darryl Robinson

Professor of international criminal law, Faculty of Law, Queen's University; Legal Officer at Foreign Affairs Canada (1997-2004); Adviser to the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) (2004-2006); former Director of the International Human Rights Clinic at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law - (Canada)

Roger S. Clark

Board of Governors Professor of Law, Rutgers Law School; Member, UN Committee on Crime Prevention and Control (1987-1990) - (New Zealand)

David S. Law

Professor of Law, University of Virginia; Former Consultant, Office of the Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on Yemen - (United States)

Sejal Parmar

Lecturer, School of Law, University of Sheffield; former Consultant, UN Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect - (United Kingdom)

Claudia M. Flores

Clinical Professor of Law, University of Chicago; former Senior Advisor on Gender and the Constitution for the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Zimbabwe; former Legal Advisor for UN Women in East Timor - (United States)

Susan Lee Kemp

Member, International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute Council; former Commissioner, Scottish Human Rights Commission (SHRC) - (United Kingdom)

Judge Tom C. Rawlings

Former Director of the Georgia Division of Family and Children Services and former Judge of the US Juvenile Courts - (United States)

Diana Constantinide

Barrister specialising in international criminal law and human rights, 33 Bedford Row, London; Member, International Criminal Court Bar Association (ICCBA) Counsel Support Staff Committee - (Cyprus)

Victor Tsilonis

Alternate Member, ICC Disciplinary Board (2018-2022); Greece's 2020 ICC Judicial Nominee; Vice-President for Victims of the International Criminal Court Bar Association (ICCBA); Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Greece)

Andrew Woolford

Former President, International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) - (Canada)

William Bourdon

International human rights lawyer; Founder of SHERPA; President of PPLAAF - (France)

Eric Sottas

Founder and former Secretary General of Organisation Mondiale Contre la Torture - World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) - (Switzerland)

Peter Haynes QC

President, International Criminal Court Bar Association (ICCBA) (2019-2021) - (United Kingdom)

Steven M. Schneebaum

International Law and Organizations Program, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University - (United States)

Elisabetta Zamparutti

Co-founder and Treasurer of Hands Off Cain, former Member of Parliament - (Italy)

Sara Chandler QC

Council Member of the Law Society of England & Wales; former Chair of the Law Society’s Human Rights Committee; former President of the European Bars Federation (Fédération des Barreaux d'Europe - FBE) - (United Kingdom)

Kirsty Brimelow QC

Vice Chair of Criminal Bar Association of England and Wales; Barrister at Doughty Street Chambers; former Chair of Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales (BHRC) - (United Kingdom)

Princess Nwabueze Nwokolo

Council Member, The Law Society of England and Wales (TLS); Chair, UK’s Black Solicitors Network (BSN) - (Nigeria)

Amélie Lefebvre

Lawyer at the Paris Bar, Partner at Cabinet BOURDON & Associés - (France)

Kermit Roosevelt

Professor of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law School - (United States)

Sir Ivan Lawrence QC

Barrister; former Recorder of the Crown Courts; former Member of Parliament and Chairman of the House of Commons Home Affairs Select Committee; Co-Chairman, Cambridge International Symposium on Economic Crime; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United Kingdom)

Eduardo Salvador Barcesat

Professor of Constitutional Law of Argentina, University of Buenos Aires (UBA); Member of the Constitutional Assembly of Argentina (1994) - (Argentina)

Yasushi Higashizawa

Professor, Faculty of Law, Meijigakuin University; Co-Chair, Human Rights Committee of the Law Association for Asia and the Pacific (LAWASIA); Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Japan)

Abbé Jolles

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United States)

Felicity Gerry QC

Barrister, Crockett Chambers, Melbourne and Libertas Chambers, London; Professor of Legal Practice, Deakin University; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United Kingdom)

James Wood QC

Barrister at Doughty Street Chambers; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United Kingdom)

Jonathan Elystan Rees QC

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United Kingdom)

Diana Ellis QC

Barrister, 25 Bedford Row; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United Kingdom)

Peter Carter QC

Barrister at Doughty Street Chambers, London; former Chair of Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales (BHRC); patron of Amicus - (United Kingdom)

Hon. Jocelynne A. Scutt

Senior Fellow at the University of Buckingham; former Anti-Discrimination Commissioner of Tasmania; former judge on the High Court of Fiji - (Australia)

Rebecca Cook

Professor Emerita, Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto - (Canada)

Max du Plessis

Senior Counsel, Adjunct Professor at Nelson Mandela University; Senior Research Associate at Institute for Security Studies; Associate Tenant at Doughty Street Chambers of London - (South Africa)

Brian Kennedy

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United States)

François Larocque

Professor, Research Chair in Language Rights, Faculty of Law, Common Law Section, University of Ottawa; Fellow 2021, Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation - (Canada)

Natasha Lindstaedt

Faculty Dean of Education (Social Sciences UG), Department of Government, University of Essex - (United Kingdom)

Lyndall Ryan

Emeritus Professor, University of Newcastle, Australia; Head of the School of Humanities, University of Newcastle (1999-2003) - (Australia)

Caroline I. Fournet

Professor of Law, Law School, University of Exeter - (United Kingdom)

James E. Waller

Cohen Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Keene State College - (United States)

David E. Pettigrew

Professor of Philosophy, Southern Connecticut State University; Member, Steering Committee, Genocide Studies Program at Yale University; Board Member, Bosnian-American Genocide Institute and Education Center, Chicago, IL - (United States)

Jay Winter

Professor Emeritus at Yale University; Member, Steering Committee, Genocide Studies Program at Yale University - (United States)

Maureen S. Hiebert

Associate Professor of Political Science and Graduate Program Director, Centre for Military, Security & Strategic Studies, University of Calgary; Genocide scholar; author Constructions of Genocide and Mass Violence: Society, Crisis, Identity (Routledge Studies in Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, 2017) - (Canada)

Zachary D. Kaufman

Associate Professor of Law and Political Science and Co-Director of the Criminal Justice Institute, University of Houston Law Center - (United States)

Eve Zucker

Lecturer at Yale University; Member, Steering Committee, Genocide Studies Program at Yale University - (United States)

Hollie Nyseth Brehm

Associate Professor of Sociology, Ohio State University (OSU) - (United States)

Hilary Earl

Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Nipissing University; former Member of the Advisory Board, International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) - (Canada)

Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann

Professor Emerita, Wilfrid Laurier University; Canada Research Chair in International Human Rights (2003-2016); Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada - (Canada)

Gabriel Gatti

Professor of Sociology, University of the Basque Country - (Spain)

Steven Leonard Jacobs

Professor of Religious Studies and Emeritus Aronov Endowed Chair of Judaic Studies, University of Alabama; former First Vice-President, International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) - (United States)

Naomi Roht-Arriaza

Albert Abramson Distinguished Professor of Law, University of California, Hastings Law; Author of The Pinochet Effect: Transnational Justice in the Age of Human Rights (2005) and Impunity and Human Rights in International Law and Practice (1995) - (United States)

Ralf Michaels

Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law, and Queen Mary University London - (Germany)

Tatyana Eatwell

Barrister, Doughty Street Chambers; Member of the Executive Committee of the Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales (BHRC) - (United Kingdom)

Peter Romijn

Senior Researcher and Head of the Research Department, NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust, and Genocide Studies; Professor of History, University of Amsterdam - (Netherlands )

Geoffrey Dancy

Assistant Professor of Political Science, Tulane University; former director and current consultant for the Transitional Justice Research Collaborative (TJRC) - (United States)

Rosa Ana Alija Fernández

Associate Professor of International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Barcelona - (Spain)

Michael Bazyler

Professor of Law and The 1939 Society Scholar in Holocaust and Human Rights Studies, Fowler School of Law, Chapman University - (United States)

Rory O’Connell

Professor of Human Rights and Constitutional Law, Transitional Justice Institute (TJI) & School of Law, Ulster University - (United Kingdom)

Bernie Hammond

Professor Emeritus, Social Justice and Peace Studies, King’s University College, Western University - (Canada)

Jared O. Bell

Visiting Research Fellow, Centre for Transitional Justice and Post-Conflict Reconstruction (TJ Centre), Western University (Canada) - (United States)

Ebba Lekvall

Lecturer in Law, School of Law and Human Rights Centre, University of Essex - (United Kingdom)

Kieran McEvoy

Professor of Law and Transitional Justice, Queens University Belfast (QUB) - (United Kingdom)

Anna Bryson

Senior Lecturer in Law, Queen's University Belfast (QUB); Chair of the Committee on the Administration of Justice and Fellow of the Senator George J. Mitchell Institute for Global Peace, Security and Justice, Queen's University Belfast (QUB) - (United Kingdom)

Nicholas Grief

Emeritus Professor of Law, University of Kent; Barrister, Doughty Street Chambers - (United Kingdom)

Andrew James Harding

Professor of Law, National University of Singapore (NUS); Director, Centre for Asian Legal Studies, NUS (2012-2016); Head of the School of Law, SOAS University of London (1996-1999) - (Singapore)

Kerry Whigham

Assistant Professor of Genocide and Mass Atrocity Prevention, Institute for Genocide and Mass Atrocity Prevention (I-GMAP), Binghamton University; Member, Executive Board, International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) - (United States)

Vivek Krishnamurthy

Samuelson-Glushko Professor of Law, University of Ottawa; Fellow, Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard Kennedy School - (Canada/United States)

Paul Slovic

Professor of Psychology, University of Oregon; Board of Advisors, Genocide Watch (2014–present); Board of Advisors, The Auschwitz Institute (2014–present) - (United States)

Sévane Garibian

SNF Professor of Law, University of Geneva (UNIGE); Adjunct Professor, University of Neuchâtel - (Switzerland)

Norman M. Naimark

Professor of East European Studies, Stanford University; Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution and of the Institute of International Studies - (United States)

Ethel Brooks

Associate Professor and Chair of Women's, Gender and Sexuality Studies, Rutgers University; Member, US Holocaust Memorial Council (2015-2020); Chair, European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC) - (United States)

Daniel Goldstein

Professor Emeritus in Anthropology, Rutgers University - (United States)

Amanda Grzyb

Associate Professor, Faculty of Information and Media Studies, University of Western Ontario; Project Director, Surviving Memory in Postwar El Salvador, University of Western Ontario - (Canada)

Lawrence Hamilton

Professor of Political Studies, University of the Witwatersrand (Wits); SA-UK Bilateral Research Chair in Political Theory, Wits and Cambridge University - (United Kingdom)

Jeffrey Bachman

Senior Professorial Lecturer, American University School of International Service - (United States)

Alain Goldschläger

Former Chair, League for Human Right (Ontario); Member, Canadian delegation to the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA); Professor Emeritus, University of Western Ontario; Director, Holocaust Literature Research Institute (HLRI), Western University - (Canada)

Jennifer Leaning

Former FXB Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights and former Director of the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard University; Senior Research Fellow at the FXB Center and Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine, Harvard Medical School - (United States)

J. Paul Martin

Adjunct Professor and former Director of Human Rights Studies, Barnard College, Columbia University - (United States)

Gerhard Kemp

Professor of Law, University of Derby; Extraordinary Professor of Public Law, Stellenbosch University - (United Kingdom / South Africa)

Karen Hulme

Professor, School of Law, University of Essex - (United Kingdom)

Johan D. van der Vyver

I.T. Cohen Professor of International Law and Human Rights, Emory University School of Law - (South Africa)

Fiona C. Ross

Professor of Anthropology, University of Cape Town - (South Africa)

Alexander Motyl

Professor of Political Science, Rutgers University - (United States)

Phil Scraton

Emeritus Professor, School of Law, Queen's University Belfast (QUB); Founder member of Statewatch and of INQUEST: United Campaigns for Justices - (United Kingdom / Ireland)

Paul H. Wise

Richard E. Behrman Professor of Child Health and Society, Stanford University - (United States)

Sharry Aiken

Associate Professor & Academic Director, Graduate Diploma in Immigration & Citizenship Law, Faculty of Law, Queen's University - (Canada)

Tozun Bahcheli

Emeritus Professor of Political Science, King's University College, University of Western Ontario - (Canada)

Sara M.T. Polo

Associate Professor, Department of Government, University of Essex - (United Kingdom)

Karen Elizab​eth Bishop

Associate Professor of Spanish & Comparative Literature, Rutgers University; Director, Critical Translation Studies Initiative, Rutgers University - (United States)

Pearl Eliadis

Law Office of Pearl Eliadis (practice in human rights); Associate Professor (Professional), McGill University - (Canada)

René Provost

Professor of Law, McGill University; Founding Director of the McGill Centre for Human Rights and Legal Pluralism (2005-2010); Fellow of the Pierre Elliot Trudeau Foundation - (Canada)

Geoff Gilbert

Professor of International Human Rights & Humanitarian Law, School of Law and Human Rights Centre, University of Essex - (United Kingdom)

Louise Mallinder

Professor of Law, School of Law, Queen’s University Belfast (QUB) - (United Kingdom)

Tracy M. Lemos

Gerstein Distinguished Visiting Professor in Jewish Studies and Religion, University of Toronto; Professor of Hebrew Bible and Faculty Affiliate of the Centre for Transitional Justice and Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Western University - (Canada)

Elizabeth Riddell-Dixon

Distinguished Senior Fellow, Centre for Contemporary International History, University of Toronto; Professor Emerita, Department of Political Science, Western University; Senior Fellow, Massey College, University of Toronto - (Canada)

David Palumbo-Liu

Louise Hewlett Nixon Professor, Stanford University - (United States)

Alex Jeffrey

Fellow, Emmanuel College; Professor of Human Geography, University of Cambridge - (United Kingdom)

Haun Saussy

Professor, University of Chicago - (United States)

Bruce Robbins

Old Dominion Foundation Professor in the Humanities, Columbia University - (United States)

Timothy Williams

Junior Professor of Insecurity and Social Order, Universität der Bundeswehr München (Germany); 2nd Vice President, International Association of Genocide Studies (IAGS) - (Germany)

Mark Kersten

Senior Researcher, Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy, University of Toronto; Consultant, Wayamo Foundation - (Canada)

Harry Hobbs

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law, University of Technology Sydney (UTS) - (Australia)

Luke Moffett

Senior Lecturer, School of Law, Queen’s University Belfast; Director, Human Rights Centre, Queen’s University Belfast (2015-2020); Principal Investigator on the project Reparations, Responsibility & Victimhood in Transitional Societies - (United Kingdom)

Timothy Patrick McCarthy

Lecturer on Education, Harvard University; Faculty Affiliate at the Center for Public Leadership and Carr Center for Human Rights Policy - (United States)

Caroline Bennett

Associate Research Fellow, Te Herenga Waka-Victoria University of Wellington; Advisory Board Member, International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) - (New Zealand)

Adam Kochanski

Research Affiliate, Centre for International Peace and Security Studies, McGill University - (Canada)

Katerina Hatzikidi

Postdoctoral Researcher, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen (Germany); Research Affiliate, Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Oxford; Associate Fellow, Centre for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, University of London - (United Kingdom)

David Matas

Human rights lawyer and Co-Founder of International Coalition To End Transplant Abuse In China - (Canada)

Larry Diamond

Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution; Senior Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI), Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law (CDDRL), Stanford University - (United States)

Paula J. Meth

Department of Urban Studies and Planning, University of Sheffield - (United Kingdom)

Gloria Yayra A. Ayee

Lecturer, Harvard University; Faculty Associate, Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard Kennedy School - (United States)

Flynn Coleman

Technology & Human Rights Fellow, Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard Kennedy School - (United States)

Peter Weiss

Former Vice-President, Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) - (United States)

Francis Fukuyama

Olivier Nomellini Senior Fellow, Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law, Stanford University; Director, Ford Dorsey Masters in International Policy, Freeman Spogli Institute for Intl Studies, Stanford University - (United States)

Sascha Nanlohy

Member, Executive Board, International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) - (Australia)

Cara Levey

Lecturer, University College Cork (UCC) - (Ireland)

Tara Van Ho

Senior Lecturer, School of Law and Human Rights Centre, University of Essex - (United States)

Achille Campagna

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (San Marino)

Adam M. VanHo

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United States)

Amos Waldman

Barrister at Doughty Street Chambers; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United Kingdom)

Casimiro Mastino

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Italy)

Christopher Leibig

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United States)

James Mehigan

Senior Lecturer in Law, University of Canterbury; Barrister, Garden Court Chambers; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Ireland / United States)

Smadar Ben-Natan

University of Washington, Seattle; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Israel)

Elisabeth Rabesandratana

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (France)

Geoffrey Philip Roberts

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United Kingdom)

Greg Boos

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United States)

Harald von Seefried

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Germany / Switzerland)

James MacGuill

Former President of the Law Society of Ireland (2007-2008); Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Ireland)

Jean Flamme

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC); Member, Defence Committee of the International Criminal Court Bar Association (ICCBA); former Deputy Judge at the Tribunal of Commerce of Gent (Belgium); former Secretary-General of Avocats sans Frontières Belgium and of International Criminal Bar (ICB) - (Belgium)

Jean-Pierre Kilenda Kakengi Basila

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Belgium)

Jessica Finelle

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (France)

John Stokes

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United Kingdom)

John Traversi

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United Kingdom)

Kurt Kerns

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United States)

Max Mailliet

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Luxembourg)

Pascal Vanderveeren

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC); President of the Brussels Bar (1998-2000) - (Belgium)

Juan Carlos Manriquez

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC); Professor of Criminal Law, Criminal Proceedings and International Criminal Law - (Chile)

Liesbeth Zegveld

Professor of War Reparations, Amsterdam Center for International Law (ACIL), University of Amsterdam; Founder, Nuhanovic Foundation; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (The Netherlands)

Rachel Lindon

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (France)

Roberto Durrieu

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Argentina)

Silke Studzinsky

Former International Civil Party Lawyer at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Germany)

Thom Dyke

Barrister at 9 Gough Chambers; Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (United Kingdom)

Višnja Drenški Lasan

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Croatia)

Lyma Nguyen

Member of the List of Counsel for the International Criminal Court (ICC) - (Australia)