Ali-Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani

Position at the time of 1988 massacre: Speaker of the Majlis (Parliament) and Deputy Commander of the Armed Forces, the de facto number two official of the regime after Khomeini.
Present post and occupation: Chairman of the State Expediency Council; member of the Assembly of Experts (the highest decision-making body of the regime, tasked with selecting the Supreme Leader’s successor):
Rafsanjani was President of Iran from 1989 until 1997. He was Chairman of the Assembly of Experts from 2007 until 2011.