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International Standards guiding the UN Special Rapporteur on summary or arbitrary executions

From the United Nations’ Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), this text outlines the international standards that guide the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions: International Standards The Special Rapporteur is guided primarily by international legal standards. The main substantive legal framework, as indicated by the Commission on Human Rights, in …

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The Death Penalty under International Law

The Death Penalty under International Law: A Background Paper to the IBAHRI Resolution on the Abolition of the Death Penalty Material contained in this report may be freely  quoted or reprinted, provided credit is given  to the International Bar Association. International Bar Association 10th Floor, 1 Stephen Street London W1T 1AT United Kingdom

Overview of the mandate Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions

From the United Nations’ Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), this text outlines the overview of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions: Overview of the mandate The subject of summary or arbitrary executions had been discussed in the United Nations for many years within the framework of …

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Mandate of the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions

United Nations A/HRC/RES/26/12 General Assembly    Distr.: General 11 July 2014 Original: English Human Rights Council Twenty-sixth session Agenda item 3 Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development  Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council

Moratorium on the use of the death penalty – UNGA Resolution adopted on 18 December 2014

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 18 December 2014 [on the report of the Third Committee (A/69/488/Add.2 and Corr.1)] 69/186. Moratorium on the use of the death penalty The General Assembly, Guided by the purposes and principles contained in the Charter of the United Nations, Reaffirming the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International …

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Moratorium on the use of the death penalty – UNGA Resolution adopted on 20 December 2012

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 20 December 2012 [on the report of the Third Committee (A/67/457/Add.2 and Corr.1)] 67/176. Moratorium on the use of the death penalty The General Assembly, Guided by the purposes and principles contained in the Charter of the United Nations, Reaffirming the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International …

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Moratorium on the use of the death penalty – UNGA Resolution adopted on 18 December 2008

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 18 December 2008 [on the report of the Third Committee (A/63/430/Add.2)] 63/168.    Moratorium on the use of the death penalty          The General Assembly, Reaffirming its resolution 62/149 of 18 December 2007 on a moratorium on the use of the death penalty,

Moratorium on the use of the death penalty – UNGA Resolution adopted on 18 December 2007

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 18 December 2007 [on the report of the Third Committee (A/62/439/Add.2)] 62/149.    Moratorium on the use of the death penalty The General Assembly, Guided by the purposes and principles contained in the Charter of the United Nations, Recalling the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and …

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European Convention on Human Rights

European Convention on Human Rights Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms Rome, 4.XI.1950 The Governments signatory hereto, being members of the Council of Europe,

Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 44/128 of 15 December 1989 The States Parties to the present Protocol, Believing that abolition of the death penalty contributes to enhancement of human dignity and progressive development …

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Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966 entry into force 23 March 1976, in accordance with Article 9 The States Parties to the present Protocol, Considering that in order further to achieve the purposes of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

UN Convention against Torture

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 39/46 of 10 December 1984 entry into force 26 June 1987, in accordance with article 27 (1) The States Parties to this Convention, Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed …

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Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

The International Bill of Human Rights

Fact Sheet No.2 (Rev.1), The International Bill of Human Rights All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS (art. 1), adopted by General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) …

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Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Preamble Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of …

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Convention and protocol relating to the status of refugees (UNHCR)

Convention and Protocol Relating To The Status of Refugees Text of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees Text of the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees Resolution 2198 (XXI) adopted by the United Nations General Assembly with an introductory note by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) …

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Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966 entry into force 23 March 1976, in accordance with Article 49 Preamble The States Parties to the present Covenant,

Bam city religious judge, Alameh, responding to a question on the PMOI properties

In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate 24 July 1980 Honorable President of the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Bam Respectfully, we would like to bring to your attention that on Wednesday, 24 July 1980, after the evening prayers, a group of hooligans attacked the Abuzar bookstore and stationary store in Buali Street, opposite …

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Montazeri letter to Death Commission

Montazeri’s letter addressed to members of the Death Commission in Tehran

Iran’s former Deputy Supreme Leader Ayatollah Hossein-Ali Montazeri, who was shocked by the mass execution of political prisoners in Iran in the summer of 1988, expressed his dismay in a letter to members of the ‘Death Commission’ in Tehran on August 15, 1988. While criticizing members of the Commission, he clearly stated that their conducts …

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Khomeini letter dismissing Montazeri

Khomeini’s Letter Dismissing Montazeri Over His Criticism of 1988 Massacre

Iran’s former Deputy Supreme Leader Ayatollah Hossein-Ali Montazeri criticized on a number of occasions the practices of the Iranian regime’s officials and the decrees by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini which had led to the massacre of political prisoners in Iran. He described the massacre as being contrary to the Islamic Shari’at that the leaders …

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Text of letter sent to Khomeini by the religious judge of Islamic Revolutionary Courts in Khuzistan

  Text of letter sent to Khomeini by the religious judge of Islamic Revolutionary Courts in Khuzistan on the manner of implementation of His Eminence’s decree on the Monafeqin [Mojahedin] In the Name of God, the Most High, His Eminence Imam Khomeini, With greetings, I would like to bring to Your Eminence’s attention some points …

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Letter of Ahamd Khomeini to his father and the latter’s response

Letter of Ahmad Khomeini to his father and the latter’s response

In 1988, Ahmad Khomeini, son of Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, conveyed a message to his father on behalf of Iran’s then-Chief Justice, Ayatollah Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili, who raised some ambiguities about Khomeini’s death decree and how it should be carried out. Khomeini’s answer was that his decree must be carried out as quickly …

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